BREXIT AND THE EU

What does Brexit mean? What happens in the UK right now? Let's find the answer inside!

What does Brexit mean?

It means the United Kingdom's decision to leave the European Union. The word of Brexit is explaining the situation in a short way: British Exit.

 

What does the EU mean?

It means a political and economic union of twenty eight countries which trade with each other. It also allows their citizens to travel in each other’s country, and to live and work freely there. However, it is not only restricted with these, they have also connection for education. They are giving opportunity to each other for free passes and education.


Why Britain decided to leave the EU?

In particular, the European Union had been hit by the economic crisis of 2008-2012. Even the big economies had to bear the burden of small economies like Greece. Even the effective economies had started to damage like Italy. The United Kingdom might be afraid of being effected from these factors. Maybe the decision is just about self-protection. The United Kingdom is also known as being not in the area of Schengen zone. This means that the UK wants to control everything about workers that they want to accept or migrants issue. Here the question is that: Greeks, Spain and Italy have deep crisis, can it be because of the EU?

They have deeply connection with each other especially in the field of free passes and education. They are giving opportunity to the students for making their education years easier, so the leaving or diffusing seems to affect so many lives from students to workers.

It is essential for Europe and for the UK that we know like there are three major challenges confronting us today. The first one is the problems in the Eurozone that are driving fundamental change in Europe. Secondly, there is a crisis of European competitiveness. Lastly, there is a gap between the EU and its citizens which has grown dramatically in recent years. The third one represents a lack of democratic accountability, and consents are felt particularly heavy in the UK.


When it has started?

A public vote (it can also be called a referendum) was held on June 23, 2016 when just one question was asked to voters; whether the UK should leave or remain in the EU. The leave side were like 52%. 

This was just the starting point, there are many things happened until today. Since then, negotiations took place between the United Kingdom and the European Union. Negotiations were mostly about the 'divorce', it was not about what will happen afterwards. The deal is known as the “withdrawal agreement”. This agreement shows how much money the UK has to pay for its separation, and what will happen to the UK citizens who are living in other European countries. 

There is also a document drawing up an overview for future relationship between European Union and the United Kingdom. This document can also be called as a “political declaration”. This deal has been agreed by the United Kingdom and the EU member countries in November 2018. There is a fact that British MPs has to agree, but they have voted against it.


What about recent events?

The United Kingdom's prime minister Theresa May has talked with the EU about some changes related to Brexit deal. This want came after the MPs suggestions for direction on Brexit. It means that Theresa May focuses on the Irish border arrangements. According to the EU, it is going to be negotiated as a deal.

Theresa May said that MPs will have a second vote about the Brexit deal by 12 March. If they reject it again, they will be asked again whether they want to leave the EU without deal on March 29 or not. Ms May oppose a deal because the deal fails to give the control of UK's affairs from the EU.

So the question is that: would Britain leave the European Union on March 29? It could be extended because MPs have right to choose to vote on whether to delay this date. It is also uncertain if they are going to vote for delay.

Theresa May

What about now? What happened on March 29 and further?

On that day, it has delayed to vote again by the MPs. May said that if Britain cannot leave from the European Union, she is going to announce her resignation. May is still in contact with opposition Labour party to break Britain’s Brexit impasse.

Anyway, the date is delayed again.

On May, there is going to be European Parliament elections.

European Union said that Britain has still right to delay the date or cancel the exit.

So let's see what will happen together.